DSE regulations: Everything micro employers need to know
Businesses across the world increasingly rely on and use technology as a normal part of many jobs. Indeed, it is now second nature for lots of employees to use computers as part of their daily work.
In the 1980s, reports started to emerge to highlight that poorly designed work stations, awkward working practices, repetitive tasks and personal physical health limitations could all lead to an increased risk of ill health and increased sickness absence. These reports mainly focused on upper limb disorders (ULDs) such as back ache, fatigue, stress, temporary eye strain and headaches.
In response to this growing evidence and the increasing use of display screen equipment in the workplace, the Display Screen Equipment (DSE) regulations were introduced in 1993 to help manage these potential risks in the workplace.
Key requirements of the DSE regulations
?The DSE regulations basically require employers to:
Assess workstations and their users within their business to assess and reduce any potential risks
Ensure that workstations meet specified minimum requirements and ensure adequate controls are in place to manage any identified risks
To proactively plan work activities so that they include breaks or changes in activity
Provide eye and eyesight tests as identified as needed or on request, and any special spectacles if needed
Provide information and training on the safe use of DSE
Monitor and review the situation on change whether in regard to the person, workstation, work or workplace
So what do the DSE regulations consider a workstation?
?A workstation? is basically considered as any permanent or temporary combination of one or more of a screen, keyboard, mouse, desk or workstation, a chair and the immediate working environment.
Who is considered a user?
This has proved slightly more difficult to call, but generally any person who uses a display screen, or a computer numerical control display say, on a machine or equipment or within a workstation as a significant part of their normal work will come under these DSE regulations.
A significant part means they use a DSE on a daily basis or for continuous periods of an hour or more. Employees who use DSE infrequently, or for short periods of time, S are unlikely to need to come under these regulations.
However, if there is any DSE use as part of a job then you should review each individual to identify any potential risks and if identified put in control measures. As an employer, you have a basic duty to assess the risks associated with the use of any DSE equipment within your business as well as any special needs of individual staff. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) provides a fuller guide to help which you can access here.
So what do you need to do?
As a minimum, undertake an assessment for each person who has any element of DSE use in their work. Use a DSE self-assessment to engage individuals to take ownership of their own health and safety. This way the individual user takes an active part in deciding if their work falls under the DSE Regulations.
If it does, then help an employee assess their workstation with the support of competent professional, information and possibly training. Appoint a competent person who can assess the information provided within the DSE self-assessment and provide or arrange the necessary adjustments as and when needed.
If you have fewer than five employees, you are not obliged to keep a record of this. But many small businesses would find it impossible to effectively manage this area without an element of structure and procedure.
You can use this assessment to decide what needs to be done and check that any required actions identified are taken. And if you ever need to defend a potential claim or allegation made against your business, you will be able to provide a continuous record and evidence of the actions you had taken in your defence.
What do you need to consider in an assessment?
?Here are some basic points to take into consideration in terms of using a DSE at a workstation:
Forearms should be approximately horizontal and eyes should be the same height as the top of the screen
It is important to have enough work space to accommodate all the documents and equipment needed. A document holder may help avoid awkward neck and eye movements
Arrange workstations to avoid glare, or bright reflections. This is often easiest if the screen is not directly facing windows or bright lights
Sufficient space under the desk to move legs and ensure feet can rest firmly on the floor if sitting is also key
The keyboard should be placed so users can rest hands and wrists when not keying and that when typing wrists can be kept straight and the forearm supported
The mouse should be within easy reach and used with a straight wrist and again a light touch
Workers should be sitting upright and close to the desk to prevent working with the mouse arm stretched
On the screen, the characters should be sharp, large and easy enough to read and in focus with no screen flicker if not, the DSE may need servicing or adjustment
The brightness and contrast controls on the screen should suit lighting conditions in the room
Employees should take breaks and regularly change activities short frequent breaks or change of activities are much better than longer infrequent ones
Workers should also stretch and change position frequently; look into the distance from time to time, and blink often
Under the DSE Regulations, what eye tests and glasses do I need to provide as an employer?
Carole is as a freelance senior HR consultant with over 18 years experience in supporting small businesses. She founded HR Support for Business to provide an affordable, but still professional, outsourced HR Support service for micro and small businesses looking for guidance.
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