Tax & admin · 5 April 2018

Failure to scrap Class 2 NICs will cost millions of entrepreneurs this tax year

IR35 was introduced to take more tax from contractors who do not meet HMRC’s definition of self employment

Millions of entrepreneurs will be hit with higher pension costs and lost reliefs when the new tax year starts tomorrow, the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) has warned.

According to the FSB, the minimum employer contribution to auto-enrolment saving schemes will rise from one per cent of pensionable pay to two per cent from 6 April.

On top of this, the FSB said four million entrepreneurs will find themselves £150 worse off because of a delay to the scrapping of Class II National Insurance Contributions (NICs). The levy was set to be dropped when the new tax year started but has been shelved temporarily.

“The doubling of auto-enrolment employer contributions will hit the very smallest firms and start-ups the hardest,” said FSB national chairman Mike Cherry.

“Many have only set up auto-enrolment schemes in the past few months. Small businesses in labour-intensive industries such as retail, construction and childcare will feel the impact of this rise most acutely. These sectors are already beset by high inflation and skills shortages,

“Small business owners want to see employees save, but more needs to be done to help firms absorb high labour costs. That starts with increasing the Employment Allowance to £4,000. At the same time, new incentives need to be put in place to encourage the self-employed, who miss out on auto-enrolment, to save for the future.”

Cherry said it was “sad” that the £150 NICs cut had not happened.

“The self-employed miss out on many social security benefits, like auto-enrolment, that employees enjoy. That should be recognised by HMRC. Class II NICs need to be shelved next year without any more excuses,” he added.

“A 60 per cent drop in the dividend allowance over the last two years will disincentivise entrepreneurship all over the country. Higher rate tax payers will lose out to the tune of £1,000 annually. If we want more people to strike out on their own, risk needs to be sufficiently rewarded.”


IR35

 

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However, Cherry said an increase in the EIS investment limit was positive.

“To date, take-up of the scheme has been held back by low awareness: two thirds of small businesses haven’t heard of it.”

“This is symptomatic of a wider lack of understanding around equity finance: six in ten small firms don’t know what it is. That needs to change. More small firms should be made aware that equity investment can bring with it expertise and support, without the burden of debt.”

Other changes taking effect tomorrow include a reduction in the dividend allowance to £2,000 from £5,000 in the 2016/17 tax year, a doubling of the Enterprise Investment Scheme limit to £2m and continuation of a Making Tax Digital trial among the self-employed.

The turnover threshold for Value Added Tax (VAT) registration has also been frozen at £85,000 until 2020.

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