Tax & admin Fred Heritage · 11 August 2017
HMRC distance-selling rule changes could slap EU suppliers with VAT costs
An HMRC policy change has meant that more UK business owners selling and delivering goods to consumers in other EU countries may now be required to register and pay VAT in the member states of their customers. The policy change relates to rules surrounding the place of supply of delivered goods, or so-called distance-selling? rules. Under a current EU-wide exemption, suppliers of delivered goods to end consumers (as opposed to businesses) do not have to register for VAT overseas in instances where their supply of goods in a given country falls below a distance-selling threshold. Suppliers are liable to register for and charge VAT in their EU country of destination once the value of distance sales has gone beyond the relevant jurisdictional threshold. Throughout the EU, the distance-selling threshold is typically 100, 000, although several member states apply a threshold as low as 35, 000. The UK’s distance-selling threshold is currently set at 70, 000, and HMRC’s policy change also applies to EU suppliers selling and delivering goods to UK consumers. Under new conditions, these EU suppliers would have to charge UK VAT on the supply of goods beyond the value of 70, 000. To avoid having to register for VAT in their customer’s country, it has become commonplace for business owners throughout the EU to reduce the overall value of their supplies by arranging for the delivery goods in their customer’s country to be made a third party. Many EU member states have, until now, taken a relaxed view towards the practice of ignoring the costs of delivering goods for the purposes of VAT registration. However, the UK’s position has been that once the unbundling? of goods from the costs involved in delivering those goods has taken place, the supplier is no longer required to register for VAT, because the place of supply has become? the UK. The uncertainty created by different treatment of distance-selling rules across the EU resulted in a unanimous agreement at the European VAT Commission earlier this year, which saw representatives from all EU member countries agree that when a supplier is directly or indirectly involved in the transport or delivery of their goods, the full value including transport costs would accumulate towards the distance-selling threshold of the in? country.
ABOUT THE EXPERTFred Heritage
Fred Heritage was previously deputy editor at Business Advice. He has a BA in politics and international relations from the University of Kent and an MA in international conflict from Kings College London.