The Pros And Cons Of Primary Research For Business

Luisa Ddakis | 20 May 2022 | 2 years ago

Primary Research For Businesses

You should never underestimate the importance of research. The owners of many flourishing new businesses attribute their continued success to the fact that they conduct consistent market research in order to gain a deeper understanding of their target demographic, uncover problems faced by consumers, and determine who their most formidable competitors really are.

Evaluating new chances for business is the approach that provides entrepreneurs with the least complicated way to monitor changes in market trends and maintain a lead over their rivals.

Research can be conducted at many stages of a company’s life span, from pre-launch through post-launch. Having a deeper understanding of your industry from the beginning will allow you to develop a viable business strategy to build and grow your business into one that is superior to the competition.

What is Primary Research?

Primary research is a type of research that can be conducted by an individual or by a business. The purpose of primary research is to acquire one-of-a-kind data that can be utilised to enhance the overall functionality of products, services, and the business as a whole.

When conducting primary research, the primary focus is on the issue at hand, which indicates that the researcher is devoting his or her undivided attention to locating a feasible answer to an issue pertaining to a certain topic.

Primary research covers the following:

Monitoring the effectiveness of sales

Ascertaining the quality of services provided by competitors

Understanding the channels of communication used by competitors

Assess the active competition within the market

As an illustration, a company is getting ready to launch a brand-new version of its mobile phone, and the company wants to conduct research on how customers feel about the design and functionality of the product they will be selling in the near future.

They will carry out primary research with a qualified sample of respondents who closely represent the population as a whole.

Because of this research, the company is now in a position to evaluate the various potential options that can be used to accomplish the required improvements in the mobile phone’s physical design as well as its features and overall functionality.

Primary Research Methods

In the technology-driven society of today, information that is genuinely meaningful is worth more than its weight in gold.

Businesses and organisations need data that has been thoroughly vetted before they can make educated decisions based on that data. To ensure that the quality of the data is maintained and that it is acquired straight from the source, so that it is unaffected in any way, a great number of businesses have taken it upon themselves to collect their own data.

Interviews – Face-to-Face or via Telephone/Zoom

Interviews are by far the most common and well-known methods of collecting qualitative data. Interviews have been used in this way for many years, making them one of the most popular and well-known methods.

You have the option of carrying out these interviews either in person (face-to-face) or over the phone or of course, via Zoom or Google Meet. Interviews are a form of conversational research that can go in any direction the interviewer and interviewee (respondent) want them to go.

It has been suggested that conducting interviews with respondents in person will result in better responses due to the more personable approach that this method takes.

However, the success of a face-to-face interview is strongly dependent on the researcher’s ability to ask questions as well as his or her previous expertise in relation to conducting interviews of this nature.

In this kind of research, the questions that are asked are almost always of an open-ended kind. By asking the respondents these questions, we can acquire deeper insights into their ideas and perspectives about the topic.

Depending on the kind of research being carried out, the length of time spent conducting personal interviews could range anywhere from ten minutes to an hour or sometimes even longer.

When time is of the essence for a researcher, conducting interviews over the phone might be an efficient alternative to in-person meetings for the purpose of data collecting.

Online Surveys

Surveys, which were once performed using pen and paper, have come a long way since then.

Today, most researchers use online surveys to collect information from respondents.

Online surveys are convenient because they may be sent through email or completed online. These are accessible via mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, iPads, and similar gadgets.

When a survey is deployed, respondents are given a set amount of time to complete the survey and return it to the researcher.

To elicit the most information from respondents, surveys should include a healthy mix of open-ended and closed-ended questions. If the survey is too long, respondents will lose interest and abandon it halfway through.

It is a good practise to recognise successful survey respondents for their time, efforts, and important information. Most organisations or businesses typically distribute gift cards from well-known brands, which respondents can redeem later.

Focus Groups

This well-known kind of study is utilised to obtain information from a limited number of participants, often ranging from six to ten individuals. A focus group is an interview session that is conducted with a small group of individuals who are considered to be knowledgeable about the topic being researched.

In order to get deeper comprehension, the members of a focus group are led via facilitated conversation by a moderator. This approach can be utilised by businesses and organisations, in particular for the purpose of locating niche markets and acquiring information regarding certain groups of customers.


There is no face-to-face interaction between the researcher and the person or consumer who is the focus of the observation in this primary research approach. A researcher will keep notes as they watch a subject’s reactions while conducting research.

To record people’s reactions, either trained observers or cameras are used.

The circumstances in which observations are made have previously been established. For instance, if a confectionary company is interested in how people will respond to its new sweets, an observer will take note of the initial responses of consumers and then analyse the collective data in order to draw conclusions.

When conducting research, it is advantageous to make use of primary sources whenever possible.

One of the most significant benefits of using this method is that the data gathered comes from reliable first-hand sources. This is one of the most essential advantages of using this method as the content is not being toned down in any way at all.

This research methodology is also adaptable to customisation so that it can be adapted to meet the specific requirements, prerequisites, and specifications of businesses or organisations.

When carrying out primary research, relying on only one research method at a time might not always be enough to get the job done effectively.

In situations such as these, the utilisation of more than one strategy is required, which has the potential to result in an increase in the amount of time that is required to carry out the research in addition to the expenditures that are involved in the process of carrying it out.

Advantages of Primary Research

  • One of the most significant benefits is that the data collected comes from first-hand sources and is reliable. In other words, the data have not been diluted in any way. This research approach can also be modified to meet the specific objectives and demands of enterprises or organisations.
  • When conducting primary research, the primary focus is on the problem at hand, which means that one’s full concentration is focused on locating possible solutions to a certain subject matter. Researchers are able to delve more deeply into a topic and investigate all of the likely outcomes because to primary research.
  • The obtained data are subject to control. Primary research provides a way by which one can have control over the collection and utilisation of data. It is up to the companies or organisations that are doing the data collection to determine the most effective way to make use of the data so as to obtain valuable research insights.
  • As a result of the fact that primary research is an approach that has stood the test of time, one can have faith in the findings that come from carrying out this kind of investigation.
Because primary research is a tried and tested method that has been around for some time businesses, are putting their faith in the results and basing their decisions around them.

That said, there are certain limitations associated with using primary sources in research.

Disadvantages of Primary Research

  • Primary research can be highly costly to carry out, which is one of the most significant drawbacks of this type of study. Depending on the arrangement or primary study approach that is utilised, it is possible that one will be required to invest a substantial amount of money. It’s possible that not all companies or organisations have the financial resources necessary to invest a substantial sum.
  • This kind of investigation frequently takes up a lot of time. It’s possible that conducting interviews and sending and receiving online surveys might be quite an exhausting process, and in order for the process to function, you’ll need to spend time and patience. In addition, additional time will be required for analysing the data and making improvements to the product or service based on the findings.
  • There are situations when relying on just a single primary research approach might not be sufficient. In these kinds of situations, the employment of more than one approach is essential, which could lead to an increase in the amount of time required to carry out the research as well as the costs involved with doing so.


In the area of business-to-business (B2B), primary research can be a great benefit to a company. It has the potential to initiate a conversation with the members of your target audience, allowing for the collection of consumer intelligence and the subsequent transformation of that intelligence into actions and marketing collateral.

You can gain an advantage over your competitors by conducting primary research in order to compile a unique database of facts and information, which will make you more knowledgeable than they are and give you the upper hand.

The manner in which you display your findings has the ability to bring greater prestige to your organisation. This can be accomplished through the production of content with additional value, such as white papers or innovative infographics.

The benefit of using primary research is that it can be conducted directly with your consumers, prospects, or even your competitors. This gives it a distinct advantage over secondary research.

It may take the form of telephone interviews, focus groups, or email surveys, as we’ve already mentioned, and it gives you the opportunity to ask those key questions about what makes them tick, what motivates them to buy, and basically anything else you want to ask that will have some bearing on how you may want to act in the future.



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