From the top · 14 July 2016

What can small business owners expect from new chancellor Philip Hammond?

chancellor Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond is the new chancellor
He’s less than sanguine about the economic deal were going to get from Brexit, but the former foreign secretary has high hopes for HS2. As new chancellor Philip Hammond takes over the economic reigns of the country, Business Advice examines his track record.

Though his previous role in the cabinet saw him more concerned with national safety than economic policy, Hammond was closely involved in shaping spending decisions in his 18-month stint as transport secretary under the coalition government, while his degree in PPE from Oxford University means he has more formal training in economics than his predecessor George Osborne.

A vocal opponent of leaving the European Union, the new chancellor nevertheless supported the holding of a referendum, arguing in parliament in 2014: What business needs more than anything is certainty. So long as we do not allow the British people to have their say, we face continued uncertainty around this question. We need to settle this once and for all for the sake of Britain. Once it is settled, we can get on with our business.

But in the run-up to the vote, he cautioned that getting a good economic deal for the country will be a challenge, warning: If we reject the unique and privileged position in the European Union that is on offer to Britain, the mood of good will towards Britain will evaporate in an instant.

While dealing with the nitty-gritty of Brexit negotiations will be the responsibility of his fellow newly-appointed cabinet ministers David Davis in charge of EU relations and Liam Fox tasked with international trade Hammond will have to deal with the impact of this on the UK economy, and has highlighted that reassuring markets will be key, warning back in June that business hates uncertainty? and emphasising the need for ‘security and stability. One of his first actions as chancellor was to rule out an emergency budget.

The influence Hammond will have on shaping international trade is likely to be wielded improving the country’s trade ties with China, building on work he did strengthening diplomatic relations with the country as foreign secretary

In January 2016, he boasted: Last year’s state visit by president XI Jinping delivered substantial benefits for the UK economy and established a new global partnership. Last week in Beijing I launched a new visa service to boost tourism and business, announced plans to build a new embassy to better serve our interests and reflect the level of our bilateral relationship.

In the longer term, Hammond threw his weight behind the HS2 rail project as transport secretary, so it seems likely that hell be keen to press ahead with the project despite skyrocketing costs. By tackling the North-South divide through the transport infrastructure, we can start to address those economic disparities that have held the country back for too long and take decisions that will promote long-term, sustainable growth in the North [of England] and the Midlands, he wrote in an editorial in The Telegraph in 2011.

But the new chancellor has consistently opposed the building of a third runway at Heathrow airport, arguing: We want to work with business and other stakeholders to ensure that Heathrow becomes better, not bigger.



Hannah Wilkinson is a reporter for Business Advice. She studied economics and management at Oxford University and prior to joining Business Advice wrote for Kensington and Chelsea Today about business and economics as well as running a tutoring company.