Entrepreneurship · 27 October 2021

The 5 step sales process you need to master

5 step sales process you need to master

Before leaping into setting up a sales process, it is important to understand the impact a sales process has on your bottom line. It is also important to know how to get it accepted into your sales operations.

The sales person’s resistance to a 5 step sales process

Salespeople are creative, very confident and not fans of, what they might perceive to be, imposed routines. An experienced sales manager will know, based on research, that sixty-six per cent of all sales reps skip some or the majority of steps in a sales process.

This is why it is important to differentiate between techniques and processes. A salesperson must be advised to adjust their unique sales techniques to a prospective customer’s needs and likes – whilst following a process.

This is not a gut feeling – it is based on solid data. Research shows that salespeople who use a structured, proven sales process have a much greater opportunity to outperform those that don’t.

The research

According to research by the Sales Management Association (a global, cross-industry professional association for managers focused on salesforce effectiveness), 90% of all companies using a formalised sales process ranked as the highest performing in their sectors.

To back that up, a salesperson-focussed study by Harvard Business Review (HBR) showed that companies employing a formalised, standardised sales process experience a 28% increase in revenue versus those that do not.

It should be clarified to the sales team that requiring them to follow the 5 step sales process does not mean they are being micro-managed. Instead, a sales process will serve as a high-level guide with milestones. Knowing what each step entails will indicate to them where they are in the process, when to make the next move and how far off-course (or not) they are.

A sales process does not tell you how to set up or what to put into your sales pitch nor what to write in a sales email campaign, nor how to close your deal. That requires the talent and skills of your brilliant salespeople!

Now that we have established how you can obtain buy-in from your sales team let us look at how you establish a standardised sales process.

Establishing a 5 step sales process

A sales process is a set of steps that a business or a salesperson takes to move a potential customer from a potential lead to a closed sale. Every time.

The repeatable set of actions within the standardised sales process does not reflect internal company processes. It should be a reflection of the buyer’s journey, the buyer’s experience (nowadays, that is often referred to as UX).

If your sales process does not meet the buyer at the right time, with the right message, at the correct place in their buying journey, then your horse and pony show will not make them buy from you.

A 5 step sales process is the foundation on which you build all your deals. It helps your salespeople answer the question: what does my prospective customer need next in order to convert to a paying customer?

It’s not about you, it’s always about the customer.

Why you need a defined sales process

We start off with two assumptions:

  • You have read the above research stats and
  • You want your company to be in the group of top performers
Now you need to take the time to figure out your buyer’s unique journey and match them each step of the way. The process must not rush your clients, nor must you lag behind – aim to have what they need at each milestone. You will achieve increased customer satisfaction and, drumroll, an increase in closing rates.

Helpful for onboarding

This five-step process will form part of the onboarding pack for new salespeople and will be very helpful in explaining what your customers’ journey is.

Helps track and test success

A formalised process also allows for valuable tracking of success, gap identification and A/B testing. As you review the data and refine your process, so your process becomes more powerful. Without the data, you are working blind – and your competitors have an advantage over you and you losing money.

Build accurate forecasts

Another benefit of having a structured sales process in place is that you can build accurate sales forecasts off of it. Without it, you don’t know the stage of each of your deals, and your closing periods will be gut feel which is not smart.

By the knowing stages of each deal, you will, by default, know whether the sales funnel is full enough or not.

Sales process versus sales methodology

Comparing a sales process to your sales methodology is like comparing your strategy and tactics. Your methodology will link to your armoury of tactics available to achieve objectives, steps or milestones in your sales process.

Your sales process is the high-level campaign that guides the players towards the deal.

You might have a few sales methodologies proposed by the sales team. Here are some examples:

  • SPIN Selling: This methodology name was created by Neil Rackham. The acronym SPIN stands for the following steps:
  • Situation
  • Problem
  • Implication
  • Need-payoff
It is a scientific explanation of the consultative selling methodology. It proposes that if you can systematically identify each of the client’s pain points using the SPIN system, then you can make a persuasive offer.

  • The Challenger Sales method: As the name suggests, this is not a reactive process like SPIN, it is proactive. It proposes that the salesperson should bring insight to the deal. They literally ‘teach’ the potential client about needs that they did not know they had beforehand.
  • Sandler Sales Methodology: This methodology proposes that your salesperson and the prospective client are equally invested in the sales process. This technique requires the salesperson to tackle customer objections early on. This is believed to save time and lower the barrier to purchase for the potential customer. The salesperson is supposed to appear as a trusted adviser, not a pushy, deal-chasing salesperson.
Let’s look at the process now.

The 5 step sales process template

Here is an overview of the five steps in the process, their definitions and the actions required to move your potential client successfully through each step of the sales process. Don’t forget to use your impressive, personally-honed sales talent and skills.

  • Prospecting
Some companies call this lead generation, but that is a mistake. Lead generation is part of marketing, and prospecting is at the beginning of your sales process. Prospecting identifies prospective clients at the top of a sales pipeline and is a one-on-one interaction. Lead generation is a one-to-many strategy that occurs over a longer period. Lead generation warms up leads for the prospecting process.

Prospecting can be done by cold-call phone calls, drip emails, DMs (direct messages). Regardless of the contact method, you should research your prospect thoroughly. Use Google, LinkedIn, etc. Look for the points via which you can make a connection and look for areas where these prospects will be, e.g. if you are selling sales software, identify sales managers, attend sales events or search digital platform databases. Personalise your contact content (verbal, written, video, etc.) and be human.

  • Qualifying
This step occurs as the first connection with the prospective client activates. In that first engagement, the salesperson must swiftly assess the likelihood of a deal happening. This eliminates the wasting of time.

Here are some helpful questions to run your prospective clients through in order to qualify them as quickly as possible without being too aggressive. To help you remember them, without flashcards, think of the acronym BANT.

Let’s work through the BANT framework:

  • Budget – What is the client’s budget? Research ways of softly obtaining this information.
  • Authority – Is this client the decision-maker, the gatekeeper or an influencer?
  • Need – If you haven’t already found this out, ascertain what are the business needs and pain points?
  • Timeframe – What timing expectation does the client have for the solution implementation?
The answers, as well as any waffling from the prospective client, should give you a fairly good idea of whether this prospect is a good fit, not ready yet or a waste of time. Not a good fit? Drop them and move on; you can’t force them to become a good fit.

  • Presentation