Business Law & Compliance

When Can You Pay Dividends From A Company?

Luisa Ddakis | 5 September 2022 | 2 years ago

When Can You Pay Dividends From a Company

Dividend payments give a portion of company profits to shareholders in relation to the number and value of the shares they hold. If you own a company or are a shareholder in one, you may be wondering when you can pay dividends from a company.

Dividends are usually paid to shareholders quarterly, but payments can be made more or less frequently as long as the following criteria are met; the company is in profit so there is money available to pay its shareholders, the board of directors has approved the payment, and the dividend payment is declared by the company. For most companies though, an interim dividend is declared in February/March and the final dividend in August/September, with the actual payments being made in May/June and November/December respectively. The amounts declared and paid may vary from year to year, depending on the company’s profitability.

Read on for more information about dividend payments, their frequency, and things to consider to decide whether or not they’re right for your company. 

What Is A Dividend? 

A dividend is a distribution of profits by a company or organisation to its shareholders. When a company earns a profit, the board of directors may choose to reinvest some or all of those earnings back into the business, or they may decide to distribute the earnings to shareholders in the form of dividends.

Dividends can be issued as cash payments, shares of stock, or other property but most dividends are paid in cash. A company’s board of directors declares the amount of the dividend and the date it will be paid before the dividend is then paid to shareholders on the date specified.

When Are Dividends Paid To Shareholders? 

When are dividends paid to shareholders

While most investors understand that stock prices can go up and down, many assume that dividend payments are a sure thing. Unfortunately, that is not always the case and as such, there is no set timing schedule or guarantee for dividend payments unless otherwise agreed in a shareholders agreement.

Whether or not a company pays dividends is up to the discretion of the board of directors and is based on the company’s financial needs and goals and there is no contractual obligation to pay shareholders dividends.

For dividends to be paid, the company must be in profit and the payments approved and declared by the directors. When paid, dividends are typically paid quarterly, but some companies may pay them monthly, or annually. Some companies also have what is known as a “dividend reinvestment plan,” which allows shareholders to reinvest their dividends in additional shares of stock.

If Dividends have been declared, investors can safely assume they can rely on the dividends because companies should only declare dividends if they are confident they can afford to make the payments.

How Do You Know When Your Company Is Ready To Start Paying Dividends?

Whether or not to pay dividends is one of the most important decisions a company can make. On one hand, paying dividends can be a great way to reward shareholders and attract new investors. On the other hand, it can also put a strain on the company’s cash flow and eat into profits. So how do you know when your company is ready to start paying dividends?

Generally speaking, companies should only start paying dividends when they are consistently profitable and have a strong financial foundation.

Here are a few things to consider:

  1. Financial stability: Can the company afford to pay dividends without putting too much strain on its finances? It’s important to have a solid financial foundation before starting to pay dividends.
  1. Growth potential: Is the company still growing rapidly, or has growth begun to slow down? If the latter is true, paying dividends may be a good way to return value to shareholders while still reinvesting in the company’s future.
  1. Cash flow: Does the company have enough cash on hand to cover dividend payments? It’s important to have a cushion of cash available in case of unexpected expenses or a slowdown in sales.
  1. Shareholder attitude: Are shareholders happy with the current level of dividend payments, or are they demanding more? It’s important to gauge shareholder sentiment before making any changes to the dividend policy.
Ultimately, there is no hard and fast rule for when a company should start paying dividends but by considering these factors, you can make an informed decision about whether or not it’s the right time for your company to start paying out. If done correctly, dividend payments can be a win-win for both parties.

When You Shouldn’t Pay Dividends

If your company’s profits start to decline, your board of directors may decide to reduce or eliminate the dividend to conserve cash. In some cases, you may even decide to suspend dividend payments for some time. As a result, investors who rely on dividends for income need to be aware that these payments can be affected by changes in a company’s financial health.

If the company does not have sufficient earnings or cash on hand to cover the dividend payout, it may still issue a dividend if it has approval from its shareholders. This is generally not done unless the company is in good financial health and expects to have the necessary funds available shortly. In most cases, companies that cannot pay their dividends will suspend them until they can do so.

Why Are Dividends Paid? 

Paid dividends represent a return on investment for shareholders, and can also act as an incentive for shareholders to hold onto their stock for the long term. Dividends are one way that companies can share their profits with shareholders, and are an important part of many investors’ portfolios.

Though it is not a legal requirement, the vast majority of profitable companies pay dividends to their shareholders. Dividends provide investors with a way to receive regular income from their investments. There are a variety of factors that determine whether or not a company will pay dividends.

These include the size of the company, its financial stability, and its internal policies. For example, startup companies or those with high levels of debt are unlikely to pay dividends as they reinvest their profits into growth. Conversely, established companies with strong financials often pay regular dividends to shareholders.

Ultimately, whether or not a company pays dividends is up to its board of directors but in most cases, it is in the best interests of the company to pay dividends to shareholders.

Do All Companies Pay Dividends?

While companies are not legally required to pay dividends, most can choose to. This is because by paying dividends, companies can attract and retain investors, which is essential for long-term success. While most public companies do pay dividends to their shareholders, there are a handful of notable exceptions. For example, Tesla, Amazon, Facebook and others have famously declined to pay dividends, instead choosing to reinvest their profits into expansion and innovation.

Public Companies And Dividends 

Public companies are important for the economy. They provide jobs and products that people need. They also help to grow the economy by providing capital for other businesses. One way that public companies can raise capital is by issuing stocks. When a company issues stock, it sells shares of ownership in the company to investors.

These investors hope to make a profit by selling their shares later at a higher price. Another way that public companies can raise capital is by paying dividends. A dividend is a portion of a company’s profits that is given to shareholders. Dividends are usually paid quarterly, and they can provide income for shareholders. Public companies play an important role in the economy, and they can raise capital by issuing stocks and paying dividends.

Pros And Cons Of Dividend Payments

Pros and cons of dividend payments

While some business owners view dividends as a sign of a company’s success, others believe that the same money could be better reinvested in the business.

Here are some pros and cons of dividends to consider before deciding when you share your profits among shareholders:


  • Dividends can signal confidence on the part of management, as companies tend to only pay dividends when they are financially healthy.
  • Companies often pay higher dividends when they are doing well and earning high profits, which can attract new investors and lead to higher stock prices.
  • Dividends can attract and retain new investors as they provide a regular income stream. Some investors are attracted to companies that pay regular dividends, viewing them as a sign of financial stability. This can help to broaden a company’s investor base and improve its financial position.
  • Dividends provide income for investors. For retirees or other investors who rely on their portfolios for income, dividends can provide a valuable stream of payments. Cons Dividends can signal that a company is not growing as quickly as it could be. If a company is paying out large dividends, it may be because it is not reinvesting its profits back into the business. This could lead to slower growth in the future.


  • Dividends are not guaranteed and can be reduced or eliminated at any time. This can be a particular risk for investors who rely on dividends for income.
  • Dividends are often taxed at a higher rate than
  • other forms of income, which can reduce their overall value to shareholders.
  • Dividends can signal that a company is cash-strapped. If a company is consistently paying out dividends, it may be doing so at the expense of reinvesting in its growth. This can be a particularly concerning signal for young companies.
  • If a company is not doing well, it may cut or eliminate its dividend payments. For this reason, dividends can be an important signal to investors about a company’s financial health.
  • Dividends can tie up a company’s cash resources that could be used for other purposes, such as reinvestment or repaying debt.
  • Dividends can create conflicts of interest. If a company’s management is also significant shareholders, they may be incentivized to declare high dividends even if it isn’t in the best interests of the company as a whole. This can lead to short-term thinking and bad decisions that harm the long-term health of the business.

What Happens If Dividends Aren’t Paid On Time Or At All? 

One of the biggest dangers of not paying dividends on time is that it can lead to a loss of investor confidence. If investors believe that a company is not able or willing to pay its dividend, they may be less likely to invest in that company in the future. This can lead to a decrease in the stock price, as well as an increase in the cost of borrowing money.

Not paying dividends can also lead to legal problems, as shareholders may sue the company if they feel they are owed money and not paying dividends can also damage the company’s reputation and make it difficult to attract new investors.

All of these factors can harm the financial health of the company.

Declaring Dividends

In the UK, there are two main types of dividend payments: interim dividends and final dividends. Interim dividends are paid out halfway through the financial year, and final dividends are paid at the end of the financial year.

To declare a dividend payment, a company must first pass a resolution at a shareholder meeting. Once the dividend has been declared, the company will then set a date for the payment to be made.

Shareholders who own shares on the payment date will be entitled to receive the dividend. Dividend payments can be an important source of income for shareholders, so it is important to understand how they work.

What Do Shareholders Need To Be Aware Of?

Any shareholder that receives dividend payments must include them in an annual tax return under the ‘Income from investments and savings’ section. When completing the return, they will need to include the total amount of dividends received from all sources, as well as the date that they were paid.

Once submitted, HMRC will calculate any taxes due on the dividends declared over and above the personal dividend allowance. For most people, this will simply involve paying additional income tax at their marginal rate; however, higher rate taxpayers with significant dividend income may also be liable for dividend tax.


Knowing if and when you should pay dividends and when to do it is a big decision for businesses that impacts their cash reserves and ability to reinvest and grow. Ultimately, There is no perfect time to start paying dividends, but there are a few things to consider before making the decision.

First, you should make sure that your company is profitable and has enough cash on hand to cover any unexpected expenses. You should also consider whether or not your company is growing quickly. If your company is growing quickly, you may want to reinvest profits back into the business to fuel future growth.

If your company is profitable and has enough cash on hand, you may want to start paying dividends to shareholders and should remember that:

  • Only profitable companies can pay dividends. This means that the company has to have enough money left over after expenses to pay shareholders.
  • The board of directors has to approve the dividend payment. They will consider the company’s financial health and decide how much can be paid out.
  • The dividend payment has to be declared by the company.
For most companies, dividends are paid quarterly and the amounts declared and paid may vary from year to year, depending on the company’s profitability. Whilst there is no hard and fast rule for knowing when can you pay dividends from a company, you should consider the pros and cons of dividends before making a decision, and you should make sure that your company is in a good financial position before starting to pay them at the intervals of your choice.


Related Topics

Who is Responsible for Ensuring Compliance with GDPR?
8 June 2023

Who is Responsible for Ensuring Compliance with GDPR?

Read More →
How to Register a Small Business
30 March 2023

How to Register a Small Business

Read More →
What Is A Company Registration Number?
17 October 2022

What Is A Company Registration Number?

Read More →
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Running An LLP
11 October 2022

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Running An LLP

Read More →
How To Change A Company Name
3 October 2022

How To Change A Company Name

Read More →
Guide To Dissolving A Company
29 September 2022

Guide To Dissolving A Company

Read More →

If you enjoy reading our articles,
why not sign up for our newsletter?

We commit to just delivering high-quality material that is specially crafted for our audience.

Join Our Newsletter