Protecting ideasWhen you have an idea for a new business, you must understand what the business is, and what’s new about it. Let’s use an app as an example because many of the new business ideas I see include an idea for an app. Despite protests from the client to the contrary, the business is not the app. The business (in general terms) is how you attract new customers, how you solve their problems and how you make a profit doing so. The app is just one of the ways in which you can provide a solution to the customers? problems. You need to break down the big idea into all of its different elements to determine whether or not they are new, and whether there’s anything about them which needs to be kept confidential. You may find that on their own, none of the ideas are new. Instead, it may be the unique way in which you bring them together which forms the basis of your business. The more innovative the idea, the riskier it will be. So, before launching the business, or even committing resources to developing it, you may want to test it and discuss it with potential customers to prove the concept works. How can you do this and protect the idea at the same time? At this stage, intellectual property isnt the answer because intellectual property doesnt protect ideas. It only protects the expression of ideas. For example, copyright doesnt protect an idea for a new book, the book is protected by copyright laws once it has been written. Trademarks don’t protect an idea for a new brand, they protect the brand once it has been created. The only real way to protect an idea is to keep it a secret. The trouble is, testing an idea and keeping it a secret at the same time can be problematic, so you need to approach this in stages. If you’re discussing your idea with someone, there are levels of detail you can reveal. A broad concept of the problem and possible solutions is unlikely to reveal anything sensitive, so you can usually discuss this freely to see how people react. If there’s positive feedback and you want to explain your ideas in more detail, you can ask them to enter into a non-disclosure agreement (NDA). An NDA is a legally binding contract that obliges them to keep your idea secret. The terms of the contract make it clear that they cannot share the idea with anyone else and they cannot develop it themselves. If they do, they’re in breach of contract and you can claim compensation from them. This is where many of the myths arise. People tell me that non-disclosure agreements arent worth the paper they’re written on because whoever they disclose the idea to only has to change three things and then it’s a new idea. This isnt true and the real problem is often in the quality of the non-disclosure agreement. A generic NDA downloaded from the internet is not going to protect you anywhere near as well as a professionally drafted agreement specific to your idea. Also, as I explained in a previous article (Seven practical tips for protecting confidential information), a non-disclosure agreement is not the only way to protect confidential information.
Protecting the businessOnce you have proved the concept for the business and the idea becomes a reality, you can start protecting the different elements of it. This is where you use intellectual property rights to their full advantage. Going back to our app example, there are many different elements you can protect. For example, you can protect the brand, you can protect the layout, and you can protect the text, music and pictures within it. (I explain all of this in more detail in my article: Essential legal considerations when developing a new app.) However, from the business perspective, the really valuable part of the app is likely to be the database of people who use it. This is because when you have solved one problem for them, you can think about solving other problems too. Having already bought from you, your customers know you, like you and trust you. Therefore, they’re more likely to buy from you again and you can develop a whole suite of products and services to offer them.
- A checklist of legal issues to consider when rebranding a small business
- Essential legal considerations when developing a new app
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