Small, family-run businesses could find themselves targeted in a crackdown on inheritance tax relief, experts have warned, as the chancellor arms HMRC with new tools to increase its revenue.
In his Autumn Budget, chancellor Philip Hammond announced an additional £155m investment into HMRC, with at least £30m set aside for recruiting more tax specialists and new technology in the tax office.
Hammond declared that the funding would bring in an extra £2.3bn in tax revenue by increasing HMRC’s ability to tackle tax avoidance among “mid-size businesses and wealthy individuals”.
However, Sean McCann, chartered financial planner at insurer NFU Mutual, has claimed that the structure of a small family business made them particularly liable to HMRC scrutiny.
“What the Treasury refers to as ‘wealthy individuals’ is also likely to include some family business owners who may own business assets but earn modest incomes,” he explained.
“These are the people who, perhaps more than ever, most need professional advice to make sure they don’t fall foul of the rules.”
The Office of Budget Responsibility (OBR) has upped its projected inheritance tax takings over the next five years, suggesting an additional £900m could be collected from families before 2022, now totalling £5.3bn.
“Claims for inheritance tax reliefs, which are essential for many family businesses, are already being vigorously challenged by the taxman,” McCann said.
“As a result, we’ve already seen inheritance tax returns surge by more than 15 per cent this year. It’s one of the most complex taxes and there are plenty of pitfalls that many people don’t know about.”
Capital gains tax receipts would also increase 40 per cent by 2020, the OBR predicted.
McCann suggested that HMRC’s new technology would be able to track down individuals who sell rental properties and holiday homes, but fail to declare the capital gain.
“The taxman already monitors property transactions and it’s highly likely that any new technology will shed more light on cases where ownership changes hands but a capital gain hasn’t been declared,” he added.
“What often catches families out is when a property is given to a son or daughter. In the eyes of the taxman, gifting to someone other than a spouse or civil partner is the same as selling and these cases can result in a surprise capital gains tax bill for the parents.”
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